June 22, 2024

What is ISIS?

ISIS is an abbreviation for Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, or also known as Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). This terrorist organization was founded in 1999 under the name Jamaah Tawhid wal-Jihad by Abu Musab al-Zarqawi. In 2004, this organization changed its name to al-Qaeda in Iraq and finally became the Islamic State of Iraq in 2006. Then, in 2013, ISIS began claiming territory in Syria and declared itself the Islamic State or Caliph.

How Does ISIS Operate?

ISIS known for his brutal tactics and strategies in carrying out his actions. They used a combination of propaganda, violence, and territorial conquest to establish their dominance. ISIS members also use social media, such as Twitter, Facebook, and YouTube, to spread propaganda and recruit sympathizers. They also often carry out mass murders of non-Muslims and people they consider to be enemies.

History and Development of ISIS

ISIS has a long history of struggle since its initial formation as Jamaah Tawhid wal-Jihad in 1999. This organization developed into al-Qaeda in Iraq in 2004 and then became the Islamic State of Iraq in 2006. In 2013, ISIS began claiming territory. in Syria and declared itself an Islamic State or Caliphate. Since then, ISIS has continued to expand into various regions in the Middle East and attempted to establish a broad Islamic state.

ISIS Leader Profile

  1. Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi: Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi is the leader of ISIS who is considered the Caliph by his followers. He was born in 1971 in Samarra, Iraq. Al-Baghdadi became active in extremist groups during the United States occupation of Iraq. He was known as a cruel and vicious leader who launched attacks against his enemies.

Spread of ISIS Ideology

The ideology adhered to by ISIS is based on an extreme interpretation of the Islamic religion which they consider to be the only truth. They reject all forms of Islamic ideology that are considered heretical, including moderate ideologies. ISIS seeks to make sharia law the only applicable law and rejects all forms of interference from governments or international institutions.

ISIS Terror Actions in the World

  1. Attack on Paris: On November 13, 2015, ISIS carried out a terror attack in Paris that left 130 people dead and hundreds injured. These attacks included shootings at various locations in Paris, including the Bataclan Theater and the Stade de France.

Impact of ISIS Terrorism

ISIS' acts of terrorism have had a broad and terrible impact on society in various parts of the world. Apart from the large loss of life, ISIS terrorism also creates fear and chaos in society. Many people have experienced trauma due to ISIS terror attacks and feel unsafe in their daily lives.

Countering ISIS Terrorism

Countering ISIS terrorism is a complex challenge for governments and security institutions in various countries. Various efforts have been made to combat ISIS, both militarily and through prevention and deradicalization approaches. International cooperation is also an important key in efforts to combat ISIS terrorism.


ISIS is a serious threat to world peace and security. With its extreme ideology and brutal violent tactics, ISIS is able to create fear and chaos in society. Countering ISIS terrorism requires good cooperation and coordination between countries around the world. Prevention, deradicalization and law enforcement efforts are key in fighting ISIS terrorism and maintaining world security.