June 22, 2024

Low hemoglobin (Hb) levels can be a sign of serious health problems. Hemoglobin is a protein in red blood cells that is important for transporting oxygen throughout the body. If the hemoglobin level in the body is too low, it will cause the body to lack oxygen, which can cause symptoms such as fatigue, dizziness, shortness of breath, and pale skin.

What Causes Low Hb?

Before knowing how to deal with low Hb, it is important to understand the cause. Several factors that can cause low hemoglobin levels include:

  1. Iron deficiency: Iron is necessary for the formation of hemoglobin. Lack of iron in the body can cause iron deficiency anemia.
  2. Vitamin B12 Deficiency: Vitamin B12 is also needed for the formation of hemoglobin. Vitamin B12 deficiency can cause megaloblastic anemia.
  3. Bone marrow disorders: Bone marrow disorders such as leukemia or lymphoma can interfere with the production of red blood cells, including hemoglobin.
  4. Pregnancy: Pregnant women tend to experience a decrease in hemoglobin levels due to increased oxygen requirements.
  5. Chronic diseases: Chronic diseases such as kidney failure, liver disease, and cancer can also cause low hemoglobin levels.

How to Overcome Low Hb

There are several ways you can increase hemoglobin levels in the body. Here are some steps you can take to overcome low Hb:

1. Maintaining Iron and Vitamin B12 Intake

Iron and vitamin B12 are very important for the formation of hemoglobin. Make sure your intake of these two substances is sufficient by consuming foods that contain high iron such as red meat, liver, green leafy vegetables and nuts. For vitamin B12, consume foods such as eggs, meat and milk.

2. Iron and Vitamin B12 supplements

If your intake of iron and vitamin B12 from food is insufficient, you can take iron and vitamin B12 supplements. Consult your doctor first before starting to use supplements.

3. Anemia Treatment

If low Hb is caused by anemia, then anemia treatment needs to be done. Anemia treatment will be adjusted to the type of anemia suffered, such as iron deficiency anemia, megaloblastic anemia, or anemia due to bone marrow disorders.

4. Eating Healthy Food

Make sure your diet is balanced and contains sufficient nutrients. Consume foods high in iron, vitamin B12, vitamin C, and folic acid. Avoid excessive consumption of alcohol and caffeine because they can interfere with iron absorption.

5. Regular Exercise

Regular exercise can help increase red blood cell production and improve blood flow throughout the body. Choose the type of exercise that suits your physical condition.

6. Overcoming Diseases that Cause Low Hb

If low Hb is caused by a chronic disease such as kidney failure or cancer, treatment of the causing disease needs to be carried out. Consult your doctor about managing the chronic disease you suffer from.

7. Maintaining Mental Health

Stress and anxiety can affect the production of red blood cells in the body. Therefore, it is important to maintain mental health by managing stress, getting enough rest, and doing enjoyable activities.

When to Consult a Doctor?

If you experience symptoms of low Hb such as excessive fatigue, dizziness, shortness of breath, or pale skin, consult a doctor immediately. The doctor will carry out an examination and blood test to find out the cause of low Hb and provide appropriate treatment.

That's how you can deal with low Hb. It is important to always pay attention to body health and take preventive steps so that hemoglobin levels remain in normal conditions. Maintain a healthy diet and lifestyle, and carry out regular health checks. I hope this information is helpful!