June 22, 2024

References are important in a written work, especially if you use information from a book as a reference source. Compiling a book's reference list correctly is key to avoiding plagiarism and giving credit to the original author. Here's how to write a reference from a book correctly:

1. Reference Format From Books

The reference format of books usually follows certain standards, such as APA (American Psychological Association), MLA (Modern Language Association), or Chicago/Turabian. Here is an example of a reference format from a book:

  • WHAT: Author, AA (Year). Book title. Publisher.
  • MLA: Writer. Book title. Publisher, Year.
  • Chicago/Turabian: Last Writer, First Writer. Book title. City of Issue: Publisher, Year.

2. Identify Important Information

When writing a reference for a book, make sure you identify the important information needed, such as the author's name, book title, publisher, and year of publication. This information should be included in the references to make it easier for readers to trace the source of the information.

3. Writing the Author's Name

The author's name is usually written in the format: last name, followed by first initial. If a book has more than one author, the names of all authors must be included in the reference. For example:

  • Smith, J.
  • Doe, J. K., & Smith, A.

4. Book Title

The book title must be capitalized for important words and followed by the name of the publisher. Example: The Great Gatsby.

5. Writing the Publisher's Name

The publisher's name is usually important information in a book reference. Make sure the publisher's name is written correctly and completely, according to the information contained in the book.

6. Year of Publication

The year the book was published is also important information in references. Make sure you include the year the book was published correctly to make it easier for readers to know the current information taken from the book.

7. Examples of references from books

The following is an example of a reference from a book in APA format:

  • Smith, J. (2005). The Art of Writing. Penerbit XYZ.
  • Doe, J. K., & Smith, A. (2010). Research Methods. Penerbit ABC.

8. Compile a Reference List

When compiling a list of references from a book, make sure you arrange them alphabetically by author name and according to the specified format (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian). This will make it easier for readers or examiners of your written work to find the source of the information used.

9. Double Check References

Before completing your written work, make sure you double-check the references you wrote. Make sure there are no errors in writing the author's name, book title, publisher, or year of publication. Errors in references can reduce the credibility of your written work.

10. Conclusion

Writing references from books requires precision and patience. By following a prescribed format and paying attention to important information from the book, you can organize your references correctly. Make sure you always check your references before completing your written work to avoid mistakes that could harm the credibility of your written work.