July 14, 2024
This is the Sequence of Legislative Regulations that You Need to Know!

Legislation (PPU) is part of the law that regulates the procedures and mechanisms for the formation of legislation in Indonesia. This PPU has a sequence that must be followed so that a regulation has valid and binding legal force. The following is the sequence of legislation that must be obeyed:

1. Formation Initiative

Initiative for the formation of statutory regulations can come from the president, legislative institutions, and the community. The President can issue Government Regulations (PP) to regulate the implementation of laws. The legislative institutions, namely the DPR and DPD, can issue Laws (UU) as legal products that have the highest power. Meanwhile, the community can submit regulatory proposals through the legislative institution.

2. Discussion and Ratification

After the initiative of formation, the legislation will enter the stage discussion and ratification. The DPR as a legislative institution will discuss and ratify draft laws. This discussion process involves factions in the DPR and involves the public in the legislative process. Once agreed, the law will be enacted by the president.

3. Determination and Promulgation

After the law is ratified by the president, the law will be stipulated and promulgated in the State Gazette. Determination and promulgation This is done to provide legal certainty to the entire community and related agencies. In this process, there is a stage of coding the law so that it can be accessed and understood easily by the general public.

4. Sanctions for Violations

Legislation that has been enacted has binding legal force. Therefore, those who violate these regulations will be subject to sanctions. sanctions for violations. These sanctions can be in the form of fines, criminal penalties or administrative sanctions in accordance with the provisions regulated by law. The purpose of sanctions for violations is to maintain compliance with the law and prevent violations that harm society.

5. Construction and Supervision

In order for laws and regulations to be implemented properly, it is necessary construction and supervision from the authorities. Coaching is carried out to provide a good understanding to all relevant agencies in implementing these regulations. Meanwhile, supervision is carried out to ensure that these regulations are complied with and that no violations occur. Institutions such as the Ombudsman and the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) have a role in supervising the implementation of laws and regulations.

6. Evaluation and Revision

In the process of forming statutory regulations, evaluation and revision becomes an important thing to do. Evaluation is carried out to evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of the implementation of the regulation. If there are problems or deficiencies in the regulation, then a revision needs to be made to correct the inconsistencies that occur. This evaluation and revision process is carried out continuously to improve the quality of existing laws and regulations.

7. Dispute Resolution

If a dispute arises regarding the interpretation or implementation of statutory regulations, the dispute can be resolved through dispute resolution. The resolution of this dispute can be done through mediation, arbitration, or through the court process. The purpose of dispute resolution is to find a fair and beneficial solution for all parties involved in the dispute.

8. Hierarchy System of Legislative Regulations

In the order of legal regulations, there are hierarchical system which regulates the level of legal force of a regulation. In general, the hierarchy of laws and regulations in Indonesia is divided into three levels, namely:

  1. The 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia (UUD 1945): is the highest legal product that becomes the basis for the formation of other laws and regulations.
  2. Law (UU): has the highest legal force after the 1945 Constitution and usually regulates matters of a fundamental and principal nature.
  3. Government Regulation (PP), Presidential Regulation (Perpres), and Regional Regulation (Perda): has legal force under the Law and regulates more specific technical and operational matters.

With this hierarchical system, it is hoped that there will be order and cohesiveness in the application of laws and regulations in Indonesia.

Closing

In implementing the order of laws and regulations, it is important to understand each process and stage that must be passed. By complying with the established order, it is hoped that legal certainty and fair application of law will be created for the entire community. In addition, the process of evaluation, revision, and dispute resolution is also an important part of maintaining the validity and sustainability of laws and regulations in Indonesia.