June 22, 2024

The art of drawing is a form of creative expression that allows someone to express ideas and emotions through drawing media. In the drawing process, composition is very important to create an attractive and harmonious work of art. Composition in drawing can be divided into two types, namely:

1. Symmetrical Composition

A symmetrical composition is a type of composition that has the same shape, size, and distribution of objects along a central axis. In a symmetrical composition, the elements in the image are placed equally on either side of the central axis, creating a harmonious visual balance.

An example of applying symmetrical composition in drawing is when depicting a human face. The eyes, nose and lips are usually placed symmetrically on both sides of the face, creating a proportional and aesthetic impression.

2. Asymmetrical Composition

Asymmetric composition is a type of composition that has differences in the shape, size and distribution of objects along the image plane. In an asymmetric composition, the elements in the image are placed unequally but still create an interesting visual balance.

An example of applying asymmetric composition in drawing is when depicting wild nature. The presence of trees of different sizes, rocks and wild plants that are distributed asymmetrically but still create an aesthetic visual balance.

Drawing Techniques with Symmetrical and Asymmetrical Compositions

In drawing using symmetrical and asymmetrical compositions, there are several techniques that can help to create interesting works of art. The following are techniques that can be applied:

1. Use of Guidelines

Using guide lines or grids on the image plane can help to place objects symmetrically or asymmetrically. With guide lines, an artist can easily map the location of the desired object so as to create the desired visual balance.

2. Selecting the Right Scale and Proportions

Choosing the right scale and proportions for each object in an image is very important in creating visual balance. In a symmetrical composition, objects that are the same size and proportion create harmonious balance. Meanwhile, in an asymmetrical composition, objects of different sizes and proportions can create dynamic balance.

3. Selecting suitable colors

Color also plays an important role in creating an attractive composition. In a symmetrical composition, choosing uniform and balanced colors can create a harmonious impression. Meanwhile, in asymmetrical compositions, contrasting color combinations can add depth and dimension to the work of art.

4. Strategic Object Placement

The placement of objects in the image plane is also an important factor in creating visual balance. In a symmetrical composition, objects are placed equally on both sides of the central axis. Meanwhile, in an asymmetrical composition, objects are placed unequally but still create an interesting visual balance.

Conclusion

In the art of drawing, composition is very important to create attractive and harmonious works of art. Composition in drawing can be divided into two types, namely symmetrical and asymmetrical composition. The use of techniques such as the use of guide lines, choosing the right scale and proportion, choosing suitable colors, and strategic placement of objects can help in creating quality works of art.