July 14, 2024
Want to know more clearly what is meant by Pancasila Democracy?

Pancasila Democracy is a democratic concept that refers to the philosophy and values ​​of Pancasila as the basis of the Indonesian state. Pancasila democracy is a democratic system that has been adapted and adapted to the characteristics of Indonesian society, which is pluralistic, diverse in ethnicity, religion and culture.

1. History of Pancasila Democracy

Pancasila democracy is rooted in the thoughts of the founders of the Indonesian nation who formulated Pancasila as the basis of the state in the Preamble to the 1945 Constitution. The concept of Pancasila democracy was first expressed by Bung Hatta in his speech on “State and People's Sovereignty” in 1948.

After that, at the 1959 National Conference, it was agreed that democracy in Indonesia must rely on Pancasila. This was then formalized again in MPRS Decree No. 1/MPRS/1968 which stated Pancasila as the basis of the state and way of life of the Indonesian nation.

2. Pancasila Democratic Principles

In the Pancasila democratic system, there are several principles that form its main basis, including:

  1. The Almighty God: Every citizen must have faith in God Almighty.
  2. Fair and civilized humanity: Respect human dignity and worth in accordance with human nature.
  3. the unity of Indonesia: Fighting for the unity and unity of the Indonesian nation.
  4. Democracy led by wisdom in deliberation/representation: Upholding the sovereignty of the people with a spirit of deliberation to reach consensus.
  5. Social justice for all the people of Indonesia: Realizing social justice for all levels of Indonesian society.

3. Implementation of Pancasila Democracy in Indonesia

The application of Pancasila Democracy in the life of the Indonesian state is realized through various mechanisms and institutions, including:

  • Law enforcement: Applying laws that are fair to all citizens.
  • General elections: Conduct direct, general, free, secret, honest and fair general elections.
  • Society participation: Encouraging active community participation in state development.
  • Freedom of Opinion: Guarantee freedom of opinion and expression for every citizen.
  • Clean and Accountable Government: Upholding the principles of transparency and accountability in government administration.

4. Challenges and Impact of Pancasila Democracy

Even though Pancasila Democracy has a strong foundation, it still faces various challenges in its implementation, including:

  1. Corrupt Practices: Corruption practices are still widespread at various levels of government.
  2. Social Inequality: There are still large economic and social disparities in society.
  3. Extremism and Radicalism: The emergence of extremism and radicalism movements that threaten the peace and integrity of the nation.
  4. Political Polarization: There is polarization in society which can threaten national unity and unity.

On the other hand, Pancasila Democracy also has a positive impact on the country, such as:

  • Increased community participation in public decision making.
  • Improved quality of life society through equitable and just development.
  • Strengthening popular sovereignty and respect for human rights.

5. Conclusion

Pancasila Democracy is a democratic concept that originates from the values ​​of Pancasila as the philosophy of the Indonesian state. By prioritizing its principles, Pancasila Democracy is expected to be able to create a just, prosperous and prosperous society. Despite facing various challenges, the implementation of Pancasila Democracy in Indonesia has had a positive impact on the progress of the country and the welfare of society.